7) Mangla Dam
The Mangla Dam is situated on the Jhelum River in the Mirpur District of Azad Kashmir. It is the sixth-largest dam in the world.
The Mangla Dam components include a reservoir, main embankment, intake embankment, main spillway, emergency spillway, intake structures, 5 tunnels, and a power station. The main embankment is earthfill with clay as the core material. A powerhouse that consists of turbines, generators, and transformers, has been constructed at the toe of an intake embankment at the ground surface elevation of 865 feet SPD. There are ten vertical Francis-type turbines in the powerhouse. Each of these turbines has an output of 138,00 bhp with a rated head of 295 feet of water. The Mangla Dam was the first of the two dams constructed to reduce this shortcoming and strengthen the irrigation system of the country as part of the Indus Basin Project.
Mangla Dam Statistics
- Height: 147 m (482 ft).
- Length: 3,140 m (10,302 ft).
- Reservoir Total capacity: 9.12 km3 (7,390,000 acre⋅ft).
- Catchment area: 33,334 km2 (12,870 sq mi).
- Surface area: 250 km2 (97 sq mi).
- Turbines: 10 x 100 MW.
How to reach
- You can travel to the Mirpur District of Azad Kashmir.